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An Overview of Jordan

This section contains brief description about Jordan and all characteristics distinguish it from other countries. Reading it will provide you with information related to Jordan privileges, infrastructure, accommodation, tourism, historical places and more.

 
I. Geographic, Location & Climate
 
Jordan is a relatively small country situated at the junction of the Levantine and Arabian areas of the Middle East. The country is bordered on the north by Syria, to the east by Iraq, and by Saudi Arabia on the east and south. To the west is west-bank, while Jordan’s only outlet to the sea, the Gulf of Aqaba, is to the south. Jordan occupies an area of approximately 89,300 square kilometers and a coastline of only 26 kilometers. 
 
The population of Jordan has grown rapidly over the last fifty years or so to 6.2 million people. Around 70% of the population lives in urban areas, with 2,315,600 million living in the capital, Amman. More than 90% of living people in Jordan are Arabs Muslims with 10% are Christians and some Circassians, Chechens and Armenians.
 
The climate in Jordan is semi-dry in summer with average temperature in the mid 30 °C and relatively cold in winter averaging around 13 °C. The western part of the country receives greater precipitation during the winter season from November to March and snowfall in Amman and Western Heights of 500 m. The major characteristic of the climate is humid from November to March and semi dry weather for the rest of the year. With hot, dry summers and cool winters during which practically all of the precipitation occurs, the country has a Mediterranean-style climate. 
 
II. Infrastructure 
 
Transportation: 
 
Roads and highways
Jordan has a good road network. Driving is on the right; road signs on the highways are in Arabic and English. Most tourist destinations are within a four-hour drive of Amman. While there are plenty of petrol stations in cities and on major routes, it makes sense to fill up before long journeys.
 
Taxis
Taxis are inexpensive and often the most convenient form of transportation, even over substantial distances such as the trip from Amman to Aqaba.
Private taxis are painted in yellow and can be taken from the ranks outside larger hotels or hailed in the street. Taxis have meters. Taxi drivers are friendly, know the city well and often speaks English. 
 
Buses and Trains
Several companies offer regular and charter bus tours to tourist attractions. Jett, Alpha and Petra Transport companies operate a modern, air-conditioned fleet. 
 
Car Hire
Self-drive touring is a good way to see the country and car hire companies offer a variety of saloon and four-wheel drive vehicles.
 
Walking
Jordan is an unusually safe and friendly place to travel, and it is enjoyable to scroll through the old souqs of Amman and the other major cities. The people are unfailingly helpful and it is generally safe to walk around at any time of the day or night. 
 
Airports: 
Queen Alia International Airport (QAIA) is considered the main airport in Jordan, it locates 20 miles (32KM) south of Amman. It has three terminals: two passenger terminals and one cargo terminal, it is to be built a new terminal at the airport to increase the passenger capacity to 13 million passengers per year. Buses and taxis serve the airport all day, with buses operating every half hour to Amman. Also, the airport has a free zone that provides touristic services and international products, in addition to a lounge. 
 
King Hussein International Airport (KHIA) connects Aqaba to Amman, Sharm el-Sheikh, Dubai and Alexandria and several destinations in Europe. It locates in the vicinity of Industrial City, northern suburb of Aqaba. The airport has a single 28,000 sq ft (2,600 m²) terminal building with just one departure gate and one baggage carousel.
 
Telecommunications: 
Telecommunications infrastructure in Jordan is modern, with a very competitive mobile and internet landscape. Jordan has one of the most open telecommunications markets in the Middle East and an independent regulator. Internet is easily accessed, there are many operators serving. Zain, Umniah and Orange can provide a good quality of internet services with high speeds. In addition to internet services they provide mobile services too. Branches that have customer services are available everywhere.
 
Hotels, Resorts and Spas 
The new stream of luxury hotels emerging in Amman, Petra, Aqaba and the Dead Sea is just adding quality to a refined product that is distinct, accessible and friendly; a product that is home to a new display of modern meeting facilities and unique venues for incentive travel as well. Many of international resorts and spas have invested in these areas to show the charm & beauty of it. Whether it is a conference for 5000 people, a lavish dinner in the peerless desert of Wadi Rum, a barbecue at the shores of the Dead Sea, or a reception atop a medieval castle overlooking the Jordan Valley, the amicable and competent people of Jordan will ensure a once in a lifetime memorable experience.
 
Safety & Security
Jordan has good relations with all its neighbors. It has maintained continuous stability, moderation and security. 
 
III. Shopping & Entertainment
 
Evening Entertainment 
Evening entertainment is possible in varied colorful ways like  festivities, ceremonies, and local wedding simulation facilities which is varied from city to city in methods which involve several stages of acts animated all through the night. 
Amman evening lights trigger the feelings that push to explore and enjoy Amman’s amazing nights. 
 
Dinner parties in private palaces (Dinner parties with special arranged custom-made shows of the recitation of acts play type shows, held in medieval palace's courtyards or exquisitely decorated oriental halls that can accommodate up to 500 people).
 
Special Restaurants 
Local restaurants with narration of stories from the Jordanian mythology - very unique in feature events as well as food & drinks. Such places reflect Jordan’s way of living and attract you into the deep of Jordan.  
 
Desert Barbecue Parties 
Desert parties of Bedouin weddings where whole lambs are grilled in front of participants as well as open buffet where everybody is invited to join and experience the preparations in a very open and friendly way. 
 
Museums 
 
1. Jordan Archaeological Museum: 
The Jordan Archaeological Museum was built in 1951 on the Citadel Hill in Amman. It houses artefacts from all the archaeological sites in the country. The collection is arranged in chronological order and represents ancient items of daily life such as pottery, glass, flint and metal tools, as well as monumental materials such as inscriptions and statuaries. The museum also houses several jewellery inscription statuary and coin collections. Opening Hours: 08:00- 18:00, on Friday 09:00 – 16:00, no closing days.
 
2.  Jordan Museum of Popular Traditions:
The Jordanian Museum of Popular Traditions was established in 1971. The museum is located within the eastern section of the Roman Theatre in Amman. Its aims are to collect Jordanian and Palestinian folk heritage from all over Jordan, to protect and conserve this heritage and to present it for future generations. The museum is also concerned with introducing our popular heritage to the world. Opening Hours: 08:00- 18:00, on Friday 09:00 – 16:00, no closing days.
 
3. Jordan Folklore Museum:
The Jordan Folklore Museum is located within the western section of the Roman Theatre in Amman. This museum was founded by the Department of Antiquities and officially opened in 1975. The museum houses items representing the following Jordanian cultures: 
-The culture of the desert (Bedu). 
-The culture of the villages (Reef). 
-The culture of the towns and cities (Madineh).
Opening Hours: 08:00- 18:00, on Friday 09:00 – 16:00, no closing days.
 
4. Martyr's Memorial:
Chronological display of military memorabilia dated from Arab revolt of 1916. 
 
Shopping
Shopping in Amman is entertaining and comfortable for the tourist. Most of shop assistances are able to communicate in English. Jordanian handicrafts and gift shops are to be found in shopping centers and hotels. Gold and silver shops are located in the gold souq (bazaar) in downtown and bordering on King Faisal Street.
 
Malls are available to ease shopping. There are many Malls in Amman, such as:  City Mall, Mecca Mall, Abdoun Mall, Amman Mall, Al Baraka Mall, Sweifieh Avenue Mall, Istikal Mall, and the Zara Shopping Center. Wakalat Street and the Sweifieh area in general are also popular shopping destinations.